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  • ● Introduction
  • ● Laser Particle Size Analyzer
  • ● Merits
  • ● Measurement method
  • ● Literature and norms

Introduction

 

Particle size and shape parameters can be precisely obtained using Dynamic image analysis (DIA), which provides a feasible method for the in-depth study of particle size and shape distribution. When compared to static image analysis (SIA), DIA continuously captures images of the particles during the flow and then analyzes them to determine particle size and shape parameters. This analysis measures both suspended and free-falling particles[1]  as well as those that are inclined to agglomerate. 

Laser Particle Size Analyzer

Bettersizer S3 Plus

Bettersizer S3 Plus

Particle Size and Shape Analyzer

Measurement range: 0.01 - 3,500μm (Laser System)

Measurement range: 2 - 3,500μm (Image System)

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BeVision D2

BeVision D2

Dynamic Image Analyzer

Dispersion type: Dry

Measurement range: 30 - 10,000μm

Technology: Dynamic Image Analysis

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Static image analysis provides high-quality images of a limited number of particles, whereas the dynamic image analysis can analyze many particles in a short time. As a result, dynamic image analysis is mainly applicable to the size and shape analysis of oversize particles, and it has the following characteristics:


1.     Easier operation and lower susceptibility to human errors

2.     Oversized particle sensitivity

3.     Quick and efficient analysis

4.     High sample throughput

5.     Highly representative and accurate results

Measurement Method

 

4 steps to determing the particle shape and size by DIA:

1.     Image taking 

The image is taken by special digital cameras to enlarge the particle while avioding the motion blur, usually combined with a microscope. The particles are present in motion, and the dispersing (separation) of particles is possible both in dry mode (e.g., by simple conveying and riddling) and also in wet mode in a solvent.

2.     Image processing and particles detection

Appropriate software processes result in enhanced images, such as the elimination of isolated pixels and edging particles, the retouching of variations in brightness and signal noise, and the separation of agglomerated particles.

3.     Particles size and shape calculation

Size and shape parameters of every single particle will be calculated with the software.

4.     Statistical calculation and classification 

The particles are arranged in classes (e.g., size equivalent classes) based on their attributes (size and shape parameters).

 

BeVision D2 Processing chain

 

Processing chain

 

 

Literature and Norms

 

/1/ ISO 13322-2: Particle size analysis – Image analysis methods – Part 2: Dynamic image analysis methods


/2/ ISO 9276-6 Representation of results of particle size analysis – Part 6: Descriptive and quantitative representation of particle shape and morphology

 

A detailed description of particle shape can be found HERE.

 

Image analysis, particle parameters guidebook